Flight Types of the Airlines
Specialised flight modes - for flights in certain regions
With the number of flight options available today, passengers are able to tailor trips to specific requirements. Choosing a particular national airline carrier can be as much a question of the desirability of stop-over options as it is of seating availability. Varying airline policies may also affect the baggage allowances or other services offered on both domestic and international flights. Passengers on long-haul flights may either choose to fly directly to a destination or opt to enjoy a variety of stop-over options. Stop-over flights are generally cheaper than those flying direct. Flight options may also include flying part of the way with one airline and then switching to another for the final leg of a journey. For passengers participating in frequent flyer programmes, the choices become even more attractive and varied. Passengers who have earned loyalty miles via a particular frequent flyer programme will enjoy special privileges on various airlines who are partners in that programme. Flight options can then include upgrades with all of the attendant benefits. Flying with the maximum convenience and comfort possible takes just a little online research to accomplish.
Scheduled flights are usually required to adhere to set departure and arrival times to accommodate air traffic controls and the efficient use of airport runways. Flexibility regarding scheduled flights is exercised in the case of emergencies, or weather conditions that prohibit flying. Such instances cause delays or cancellations.
City flights are defined as journeys between major cities, often to and from large airports such as Heathrow in London. They are often short, fast flights. City flights are often used as a time-saving alternative to trains by business commuters and for weekend breaks.
Long-haul flights are defined as a flight of six and a half hours or more, and, as such, are usually very long distance and often non-stop. Examples of long-haul flights are from the UK to Australia or from Canada to Singapore.
Short-haul flights are generally defined as being under 3 hours in duration or 2000 miles in length. Good examples of short-haul flights include from London to the Greek Islands, or from Hong Kong to Tokyo. Domestic flights are not necessarily short-haul - this depends on the country size.
Non-stop flights are defined as any flight that does not have an intermediate stop. Usually, long-haul, non-stop flights (as opposed to direct flights) are chartered to cover long distances - e.g. Singapore to South America - in the shortest possible time.
Charter flights are usually booked by groups or individuals when their specific needs cannot be accommodated by commercial airlines. Flight times, number of passengers and destination are determined by the groups or individuals, although these charter flights are still subject to aviation rules and regulations, and available facilities.
Reduced gravity flights are taken aboard NASA designed aircraft that create near weightless conditions for astronaut training. Opportunities for civilians to experience the simulated zero gravity of space are very limited. The parabolic flight path of reduced gravity flights create weightlessness for only a privileged few for now.